Research On Genetic Testing
Genetic Testing is a part of medical testing that comprises of testing and identifying any significant changes in genes, proteins or chromosomes. Due to advances in technology related to medical domain, several tests advanced have been developed. Genetic testing is used in situations where there is possibility of inheriting diseases, prenatal screening, carrier testing, screening for newly born babies etc.
Research on Genetic Testing
Genetics is a branch of medical science that focuses on human features (for instance eye color) that are passed on to children from their parents through genes. Genetic testing is a testing process used in medical field to figure out deviation known as mutation in an individual’s genes or chromosomes. Currently more than 1,000 genetic testing methods have been developed. Results obtained from genetic testing depicts the presence or absence of genetic conditions and also shows if a person have any chances of acquiring or passing on a particular genetic disease.
Methods used for genetic testing
There are three different methods that are used for genetic testing process. They are described as follows:
- Molecular genetic tests: These tests study individual genes or short lengths of DNA to recognize varieties or transformations that prompt a hereditary issue.
- Chromosomal genetic tests: These tests break down entire chromosomes or long lengths of DNA to check whether there are expansive hereditary changes, for example, an additional duplicate of a chromosome, that cause a hereditary condition.
- Biochemical genetic tests: This particular test studies the sum or movement level of proteins; variations from the norm in either can show changes to the DNA that outcome in a hereditary issue.
Genetic testing is solely dependant on the person who wants to get it done. Since testing has advantages and also confinements and dangers, the choice about whether to be tried is an individual and complex one. A geneticist or hereditary advocate can help by giving data about the upsides and downsides of the test and examining the social and emotional parts of testing.
The conspicuous advantage of genetic testing is the chance for a superior comprehension of one's danger for a certain illness. Testing is not immaculate, but rather it can frequently help one to settle on choices about his / her well being.